Wie Sie Ihren Haken oder Köder sicher aushaken - Ein Leitfaden für das Süßwasserfischen

Hooked hook - Credit 123RF

Unhooking your hook or lure when it becomes lodged at the bottom of the water without breaking your fishing line requires taking some precautions.

Regardless of the type of fishing you engage in, we have all experienced the frustration of getting hooked on an obstacle submerged in the water or sometimes on the water’s edge.

Angeln mit Köder - Kredit 123RF
Having a lure hooked can compromise a fishing session - Kredit 123RF

How to Unhook a Hook or Lure Stuck at the Bottom of the Water?

The only solution to free yourself is to pull on the line, gradually increasing the force, in hopes that either the hook will dislodge or the obstacle will give way, such as grass or a small branch. In the worst-case scenario, the hook may bend, or the fishing line may break. In both of these cases, the replacement can be done in a matter of seconds.

The worst thing that can happen during a fishing trip is losing your entire fishing line or, even worse, breaking your fishing rod. I experienced the latter in February 2011 while fishing in the Belgian Meuse River in Hastière. As I kept pulling on my fishing rod, which was hooked six meters deep, it snapped between the fourth and fifth sections. The five-meter-long end was catapulted far into the water, while the broken tip remained in my hand.

Rules for Unhooking a Hook or Lure Stuck at the Bottom of the Water

First and foremost, remember this golden rule: never attempt to unhook yourself using your fishing rod, as you risk breaking it. Now, let’s discuss the silver rule: never try to pull the hook upwards or sideways. Doing so will only cause the hook or fishing line to sink deeper, making it even more challenging to unhook.

So, what is the safest technique for unhooking a hook or lure?

  • Pull the line backward as if you were detaching it, keeping the fishing rod perfectly aligned with the line and as close to the water as possible until you can grasp the line. Be careful not to dislodge a section that might be propelled forward, along with your entire line.
  • Grab the line after the section or, if you have an elastic band, after the line holder. Keep tension on the line, ensuring it remains as close to the water’s surface as possible. The more submerged it is, the less likely it will tangle and hit you in the face when it finally dislodges.
  • Find a cylindrical object, such as a tin can, plastic bottle, or any suitable support, and wrap the line around it several times until it is taut. Then, using both hands, pull on the support while keeping the line as close to the water as possible until your line becomes unhooked or the line breaks. This support will prevent you from getting cut or burned by the fishing line (nylon or braid).
  • Check if the fishing line or hook is damaged. When in doubt, immediately replace the fishing line. It would be unfortunate to miss a catch due to a blunt hook or lose a beautiful fish because the fishing line breaks as it has become less resistant.

This simple technique will help you avoid damaging your equipment. The farther away you position yourself from the line, the lower the risk of breaking your fishing line.

Remember to always prioritize your safety and take necessary precautions while unhooking your hook or lure. By following these techniques, you can free your hook or lure without causing damage and continue enjoying your freshwater fishing experience.


If your hook or lure becomes lodged at the bottom of the water, avoid pulling upwards or sideways. Instead, follow the techniques mentioned in the article to safely unhook it.

No, it is not advisable to use your fishing rod to unhook yourself. Doing so may result in damaging or breaking the rod. Use the recommended techniques described in the article to avoid any equipment damage.

If the hook or lure is deeply embedded and cannot be safely unhooked, it’s best to cut the line as close to the hook or lure as possible. This prevents unnecessary harm and allows you to re-rig your line with a new hook or lure.

To prevent your hook or lure from getting stuck, be mindful of your casting technique and avoid casting into areas with dense vegetation or underwater obstacles. It’s also helpful to use weedless hooks or lures designed to minimize snagging.

It is recommended to inspect your fishing line after unhooking a stuck hook or lure. If the line shows signs of damage or weakening, it’s best to replace it to ensure its strength and reliability during future fishing trips.

While not mentioned in the article, there are specialized tools available, such as hook removers or disgorgers, designed specifically for unhooking fish and removing lodged hooks or lures. These tools can provide additional assistance in certain situations.

Braided fishing lines are known for their strength and durability. They have a higher resistance to abrasion and are less likely to break when unhooking a stuck hook or lure. Consider using braided lines for added reliability.

If the hook or lure is undamaged and in good condition after being unhooked, you can certainly reuse it. However, make sure to check for any signs of wear or damage before using it again to ensure its effectiveness.

If the hook becomes embedded in your hand or body, it is crucial to seek immediate medical attention. Do not attempt to remove the hook yourself, as this could cause further injury. Consult a healthcare professional or visit the nearest medical facility for proper treatment.

Having a backup supply of hooks and lures is always a good idea. Accidents happen, and having spare equipment ensures that you can quickly replace any damaged or lost hooks or lures, allowing you to continue fishing without interruption.

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